How Panel Doors Are Constructed

Panel doors are constructed with solid wood peripheral frames that define the central open areas of the door and provide a means for the molded panels to be keyed to the wood door frame. The wooden surfaces of the panels are then laminated with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) to create a seamless and elegant appearance.

Stiles and rails

The construction of panel doors involves the use of stiles and rails. In this process, the large panel fits into a continuous groove in the stiles and rails. This creates a more rigid frame, but the panel is usually sized slightly smaller than the actual dimension of the grooved style and rail frame. This allows the panel to expand or contract slightly as it expands and contracts with seasonal humidity. The most common method of stile and rail joinery is cope and stick joinery, which uses a matched set of stile and rail router bits.

The construction of rail and stile panels requires precise joinery. For this process, you need flat, square and straight stock, and a table saw, jointer, and thickness planer. You should also mark the back of all the pieces so you know which face is best. Besides, you should also mark the best face of the pieces with a permanent felt-tip marker.


A variety of materials can be used to make panel doors. Timber, plywood, block board, veneer, and medium density fiberboard are all common choices. There are also panel doors made from asbestos cement sheets and pre-laminated particle board. These doors are usually made with grooves on stiles and rails to secure the panels in place.

Panel doors also come in a variety of styles. The most popular is the molded panel style, which can come in one to six panels. These doors can also feature a smooth or textured surface. Many of these styles also come with panel doors glass panels and decorative hardware.

Number of panels

The number of panels on a panel door determines its design and architectural style. For example, a rustic door with arched panels and plank detailing provides visual interest. Panel exterior doors are available in a variety of materials. The most common materials are wood, metal, and fiberglass. Depending on the style and materials of your home, you can find the right panel door for your home.

Traditionally, panel doors are divided into three and four sections. These panels are then framed with a stile. They are usually sized slightly smaller than the width of the panel board. This allows the wood to expand along its grain without causing damage to the door or frame.


Panel doors are one of the most common types of interior doors. They feature inset panels in the face that add visual interest and character. They are available in a variety of materials and can be used for any style of home. They are typically used for bedrooms and can vary in cost, depending on the materials used and the style chosen.

Panel doors are made from various types of wood and have various designs and colors. They are sturdy and difficult to break. They can also be made of glass and composite materials. Depending on the materials used and the manufacturer, panel doors may cost anywhere from GBP100 to GBP500. The style of door will also determine its cost.